By Hanne Gram Simonsen, Rolf Theil Endresen
The booklet incorporates a collection of papers from the convention The Verb in Cognitive Linguistics, held at Gran, Norway in June, 1998. The papers during this ebook are all written inside of a cognitive linguistics framework, centred round various linguistic features of the verb. the 2 keynote papers (by Richard A. Hudson and Ronald W. Langacker) function an advent to this major subject matter, supplying a large standpoint and a common, theoretical history from observe grammar and cognitive grammar, respectively. the remainder ten papers are extra heavily aiming at addressing morphological, syntactic and semantic facets of the verb, illustrated via quite a few languages and learn parts, together with, i.a., grownup language processing, language acquisition, connectionist modelling, and typology. A majority of the papers describe diversified features of Norwegian - a language now not prior investigated at one of these scale inside cognitive linguistics. Norwegian bargains invaluable contributions via being heavily with regards to English, but differing in yes very important and engaging methods. furthermore, info from numerous different languages are integrated, between others Italian, Russian, and varied African languages, delivering a much wider typological diversity.
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Additional info for A Cognitive Approach to the Verb: Morphological and Constructional Perspectives
As successive foci, trajector and landmark are properly described as reference point and target, or equivalently, as first and second elements in a reference point chain. Let me briefly consider some of the evidence supporting each of these points, taking them in the order listed. That trajector and landmark—respectively coded by subject and object nominals—are distinguished by some kind of special prominence is, I think, fairly evident. Linguistic scholars are in virtually unanimous agreement that the subject and object are in some sense the "core" arguments of a verb, and typically they 30 Ronald W.
Interpreted in relation to the dissertation, even though none of them mentions it explicitly. Structurally, the topic nominal is thus external to each of the comment sentences. g. You have to worry about continued financial support). Consider next a sentence-level topic: (26) a. Jack, when I go to see him, he's never home, and he's always complaining that his friends ignore him. b. Jack, he's always complaining. The comment sentence may be complex, as in (26a), in which case a number of propositions are integrated in its dominion.
Hence R and T are both things, just as for possessives (cf. Figure 4), except that R is necessarily intrinsic to the conception of T (which is true of many but not all possessives). Thus the proposed characterization of subject and object neatly accounts for the widespread use of possessive periphrasis with nominalizations. It further predicts (correctly I believe) that such periphrasis should be used primarily for the specification of trajector and landmark, and only by extension (if at all) for non-focal participants.
A Cognitive Approach to the Verb: Morphological and Constructional Perspectives by Hanne Gram Simonsen, Rolf Theil Endresen