Paul Bennett's A Course In Generalized Phrase Structure Grammar GPSG PDF

By Paul Bennett

ISBN-10: 1857282175

ISBN-13: 9781857282177

The "Generalized word constitution Grammar" GPSG is a massive syntactic conception which has been followed by means of the computational linguistics international. this article assumes an introductory wisdom of syntactic thought and covers all of the major constructs of the grammar.

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Extra resources for A Course In Generalized Phrase Structure Grammar GPSG

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V1 Comp V0 c. P1 Comp P0 The rules in (23) would describe the fact that Japanese is OV, has postpositions, and has complements of nouns preceding the noun. e. the resulting rules are marked and subject to historical change). On this interpretation, it is possible for a grammar to have the rules in (24) (without having (22a) or (23b) alongside them). (24) a. N1 Comp N0 b. V1 V0 Comp But such a language has a more complex grammar than one in keeping with the schema in (21). Equally, LP-statements for (24) would have to be more complex than for (22) or (23).

These can be abbreviated as N0 (or just N), N1 and N2; other possibilities include using primes: N, N′, N′′. g. —but this was typographically awkward, and so is now rarely used, although linguists still refer to something ‘having so-and-so number of bars’. It is unfortunate that different notations exist and are all in use; 5. g. an NG can be the head of an NP. 6. There is a problem concerning the projections of V, viz. 3 below); so most of our remarks here will concern NPs. 7. The status of Art will be tackled shortly.

Part of a grammatical description of a language involves listing the syntactic categories posited. If features are used, then one has to state the attributes employed, and the possible values of each. From now on, we shall write alphabetic attributes and values in small capitals, and when specifying possible values will use a colon to separate an attribute from its set of values. So (1) means that SINGULAR and PLURAL are possible values of the attribute NUMBER. (1) NUMBER: {SINGULAR, PLURAL} In fact, we shall follow the GPSG literature, which, perhaps for arbitrary reasons, does not use an attribute NUMBER but instead an attribute PLURAL (shortened to PLU) with values ‘+’ and ‘−’ (2).

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A Course In Generalized Phrase Structure Grammar GPSG by Paul Bennett

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