A French-English grammar : a contrastive grammar on - download pdf or read online

By Morris Salkoff

ISBN-10: 9027275521

ISBN-13: 9789027275523

1. desk of symbols, pxi; 2. Preface, pxiii; three. 1. advent, p1; four. 2. significant sentence buildings; the verb; the article, p25; five. three. The Noun word, p119; 6. four. Adjuncts, p167; 7. five. Conclusions; purposes, p313; eight. References, p335; nine. Index, p339

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Extra resources for A French-English grammar : a contrastive grammar on translational principles

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In other cases, it is possible to represent a one-to-many correspondence between French and English sentences by such a passe-partout translation: (14)a L'eau coule (tout) le long de la gouttière → Water flows (all the way) (along + down) the drainpipe b marcher (tout) le long de la rivière → walk (all the way) (along + up + down) the river c grimper (tout) le long d'un mât → climb (all the way) (*along + up) a mast 9 This approximation is called a 'cover word' in Bourquin-Launey (1984, p. 40) has different translations (along, down, up) depending on what directions are relevant both for the main verb preceding it and for the noun that follows it.

When the adverb aussi (also; too) introduces such an inverted sentence, its translation changes: (27)e Aussi la solution est-elle de réduire les frais → Therefore, the solution is to reduce the expenses If a noun phrase subject is also present, then the resumptive pronoun is deleted: (28)a Ainsi les enfants ont-ils pris les jouets → Thus the children took the toys b En vain Max a-t-il parlé de l'avenir → In vain Max spoke about the future Voici, voilà. , voici≈see here, and voilà « see there. Seehere (Max + the girls), but rather, → Here (is Max + are the girls).

For what will this broom be used? The change of à (to) to for is obtained in the same way as was discussed above for intéresse, where à is replaced by in. The permutation of the preposition to the end of the sentence improves the translation considerably in these sentences: (20)d De quoi est fait ce gâteau? → What is this cake made of? e À quoi sert ce balai? → What is this broom used for? f À quoi servira ce balai? → What will this broom be used for? Note that the same object sequences can appear with a sentence containing subject inversion, as in (15); in this case, the resumptive pronoun is deleted as before, and the translation is the same as in (19): (21)a À qui cet homme s'intéresse-t-il?

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A French-English grammar : a contrastive grammar on translational principles by Morris Salkoff

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