By Erik van Gijn
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Additional resources for A grammar of Yurakaré
The fact that this suffix has fused with the root is indicated by a colon. These two meanings are separated by a single dot. 20 2. 2) the orthographic system used in the remainder of the chapter and the rest of the grammar will be discussed. 4), finally, I will give an account of stress in Yurakaré. 1 Consonants Yurakaré has the following 18 consonant phonemes: Table 5 ‐ Yurakaré consonants labial alveolar palatal velar glottal plosives p t tÉS k (/) b d dJ fricatives s S h ®£ nasals m n ¯ laterals l semivowels w j All consonants have long – geminate – counterparts, which are mostly not underlyingly present, with some exceptions (cf.
This can lead to adaptations like the following: (68) und. tëtë‐bëshë > surf. të́tëpshë The marker ‐shama does not refer to clausal tense, it marks the fact that the object referred to no longer exisits. These are often Spanish loans, and I consider them to have diacritically marked feet. atahuallpa ‘morning, sunrise’ ‘subsequently’ It might be that there are diachronic reasons for these deviations, but they are no longer transparent. 6 Stress‐avoiding syllables and monosyllabic roots. Some syllables in Yurakaré show the opposite behavior from the diacritically marked syllables.
As shown in (25), /o/ contrasts with /u/. The vowel /e/ can be contrasted with /Q/; /o/ can be contrasted with /a/: (26) a tQhtQ ‘leg’ tehte ‘grandmother’ b Sonko ‘hole’ Sonka ‘he makes a hole’ /Q/ This low front vowel is a marked sound in the region, and one of the sounds that make Yurakaré sound distinct from neighboring languages. ’ 28 Phonology /a/ The mid‐low vowel completes the series of Yura distinctive vowel phonemes. It has an allophone [A] in closed syllables. For minimal pairs with /o/ and /Q/, see examples (25) and (26)above, respectively.
A grammar of Yurakaré by Erik van Gijn