Download e-book for kindle: A History of Islamic Philosophy (3rd Edition) by Majid Fakhry

By Majid Fakhry

ISBN-10: 0231132212

ISBN-13: 9780231132213

The 1st complete survey of Islamic philosophy from the 7th century to the current, this vintage discusses Islamic suggestion and its influence at the cultural elements of Muslim lifestyles. Fakhry indicates how Islamic philosophy has from the earliest occasions a particular line of improvement, which supplies it the team spirit and continuity which are the marks of the nice highbrow hobbies of background.

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Lsbaq (8ocr873), disciple and colleague of Ibn Masawaih, who based the art of Arabic translation on a scientific footing. Sources indicate that, although he presided over Bait all:likmah for a short period and was presumably in the service of the caliph, most of his scientific output was subsidized by Banu Mosa, the outstanding family mentioned among the leading patrons of philosophy and science. Whatever his relation to the caliph, l:lunain should be counted as one of the most important figures in that caliph's reign.

Diogenes the Cynic (d. ), who is sometimes confused with Socrates in some of the collections of aphorisms, such as al-Kindi's (d. ca. 866), is represented as the paragon of asceticism and virtue. His witty exchanges with Alexander the Great, whom he is known to have met in Athens, are given at length, as a list of these exchanges, given by a contemporary scholar, clearly shows. 81 One of the earliest accounts of the Pre-Socratics and Post-Aristotelians is given by the great Nee-Platonist philosopher al-Farabi (d.

13 This work had acquired a considerable reputation among the Syriacs, and was without doubt one of the earliest medical translations into Arabic. Ibn al-NadTm, al-Fihrist, pp. 352 f. , p. 511, and Sa'id, Tabaqat al-Umam, pp. 48, 6o. 12. For critical discussion, see Ruska, Arabischen Alchemisten, pp. 8 f. 13 Ibn Juljul, Tabaqat al-Atibba', p. 61; Ibn ai-'IbrT, Mukhta~ar, p. ; al-Fihrist, p. 7; al-QiftT, Tankh a[-ljukama', p. 334 f. 10 6 THE LEGACY OF GREECE, ALEXANDRIA, AND THE ORIENT Of major importance to the history of translation was the contribution made in the next five decades by 'Abdullah b.

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A History of Islamic Philosophy (3rd Edition) by Majid Fakhry

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