By Louise McNally, Christopher Kennedy
During this quantity major researchers current new paintings at the semantics and pragmatics of adjectives and adverbs, and their interfaces with syntax. Its matters comprise the semantics of gradability; the connection among adjectival scales and verbal point; the connection among that means and the positions of adjectives and adverbs in nominal and verbal projections; and the fine-grained semantics of alternative subclasses of adverbs and adverbs. Its targets are to supply a complete imaginative and prescient of the linguistically major structural and interpretive homes of adjectives and adverbs, to spotlight the similarities among those different types, and to sign the significance of a cautious and specified integration of lexical and compositional semantics. The editors open the publication with an outline of present study ahead of introducing and contextualizing the remainder chapters. The paintings is aimed toward students and complex scholars of syntax, semantics, formal pragmatics, and discourse. it is going to additionally entice researchers in philosophy, psycholinguistics, and language acquisition drawn to the syntax and semantics of adjectives and adverbs.
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Extra info for Adjectives and Adverbs: Syntax, Semantics, and Discourse (Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics)
Round plum small-pl “two small plums” Numeral classiﬁers in this language distinguish human, animal, and inanimate nouns (here only the inanimate one is shown). ). Note in (7a–b) that the same noun can appear with diﬀerent classiﬁers, depending on how the referent is perceived. A third important type of classiﬁer is the noun classiﬁer, which typically sorts nouns by material qualities or essences (see Craig 1986, Grinevald 2000). These sometimes cooccur with sortal or numeral classiﬁers, and again, Akatek provides an example of cooccurrence.
Liberman and Sproat (1992). Compare the A–N idiom wild ríce to the A–N compound wíld man. Adjective ordering 37 (38) a. (artiﬁcial) nervous system = system of nerves (which is artiﬁcial) b. nervous artiﬁcial system = compositional only (39) a. (whole-wheat) French toast = fried battered bread breakfast dish (made with whole-wheat bread) b. French whole-wheat toast = compositional only Note that under the right circumstances, idioms in general can be disrupted by adjoined material. For example, ply X’s trade means “do X’s usual work”; it can be applied to activities in which the word trade would not be used otherwise, for example as in (40).
The projection of N which moves carries with it all modiﬁers and dependents of N (Aboh 2004: 78, 90). (6) a. távò ãàxó xóxó àt`On éhé l´O l´E table big old three dem the pl “these speciﬁc three big old tables” b. àgásá sín f`En ãàxó àt`On éhé l´O l´E crab poss pincer big three dem the pl “these speciﬁc three big crabs’ pincers” Aboh develops a detailed roll-up analysis of the word order here, with the N moving ﬁrst to the left of the adjective, the N–A sequence moving to the left of the Numeral, the N–A–Num sequence moving to the left of the Demonstrative, and the N–A–Num–Dem sequence crossing the plural marker and the article.
Adjectives and Adverbs: Syntax, Semantics, and Discourse (Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics) by Louise McNally, Christopher Kennedy