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Extra info for Advanced Grammar in Use (2nd Edition)
3. Notice further, that the construction has its specific semantics and serves a particular pragmatic function; both of these characteristics are here given as prose statements. The way we arrive at the full valence specification of a passive verb form is illustrated in Figure 18, using again the lexical entry of the verb buy. We thus have in mind the passive verb form in a passive construct such as The house was bought (by Sam). It should be clear that this treatment of the passive does not make any claim about its relationship to the active transitive pattern.
Mirjam Fried & Jan-Ola Östman It is a known fact that hearers always first attempt to interpret a piece of language, however imperfect, rather than simply reject it out of hand. In other words, what we are faced with here is not so much an issue of the inherent meaning of nouns as an issue of usage in context, and simply positing featurechanging lexical constructions obscures this important dimension. Valence In describing and representing the combinatorial possibilities of individual lexical items, a whole different set of issues arises when dealing with complementtaking entities (verbs, adpositions, nouns, or adjectives) and their place and role in constructions.
In dealing with issues of lexical semantics and grammatical patterning, CxG incorporates the scene-based approach to meaning known as Frame Se- Mirjam Fried & Jan-Ola Östman mantics (Fillmore 1982, 1984, 1986b; Lambrecht 1984; Fillmore & Atkins 1992, 1993; Atkins 1994; Fillmore, Wooters, & Baker 2000; Johnson et al. 2001), in which the meaning of words is “relativized to scenes” (Fillmore 1977: 73) and the essentials of any particular scene are stored in conceptual entities called ‘interpretive frames’ (Fillmore 1982).
Advanced Grammar in Use (2nd Edition) by HEWINGS