By Anousha Sedighi
Contract regulations in Persian is the 1st complete try and take on the difficulty of verbal contract in Persian from a cross-linguistic perspective. Persian is a box of analysis inside theoretical linguistics that's but to be sufficiently explored. This ebook adopts Chomsky's Minimalist application that's on the vanguard of contemporary theories of formal syntax, and applies it to the Persian language. even though it is usually believed that during Persian the verb has the same opinion with the topic, a number of buildings appear to constrain this compulsory rule. Adopting the framework of dispensed Morphology, the writer argues that contract is in truth bought with the plural inanimate matters yet a morphological rule may well block the end result. not like the former analyses which contemplate the experiencer because the topic of the mental structures, the writer argues that the mental nation is the topic of the sentence. The findings of this e-book not just give a contribution to raised realizing of Persian syntax, but additionally have very important implications for grammar thought.
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Extra info for Agreement Restrictions in Persian
E-ha m::erdom This rumour-pl people These rumours worried people ra Ace. e-ha (the rumours) is in the plural form while the verb appears in the 3rd person singular and does not agree with the subject in number. Example (70) contains two distinct environments in which animacy is realized (plural marking and verbal agreement). (70) a. ar. bold plenty -be-3pl from that-pi famess do-2pl There are a lot of bold thieves, stay away from them b. a:ndishe-ha-y-e gostakh-ane [freravan mst], a:z an-ha [doori kon-id] thought-pi-of bold-inamimato plenty be-3sg from that-pi farness do-2pl There are a lot of bold thoughts, stay away from them (Saadat 1996: 50) 22 Thacktson (1983) reports an exception on the verb "11> be".
Two examples of impoverishment rules for English and Russian are given in (81) and (83). (81) [Person, Num]---+ 0 /[+past] 24 English Rule (81) means that by deleting the Person and Number features in the context of [+past] in English, no vocabulary insertion rules will be able to access these features and thus no verb in English will have the Person or number distinction in the context of the perfect tense. This is shown in (82). (82) a. He goes b. b), even though the verb contains [3sg +past] in the syntax, the 3m.
Hence, the nominative does not need to rise to [SpecPerP] (as Icelandic does) and does not block the Person checking of a nominative object. Therefore, the 3m person restriction does not occur. Furthermore, Si~sson (2002) argues that unlike the Icelandic dative subjects, the German dative subject does not raise out of the agreement scope of the fmite verb prior to the Person agreement. 4. Anagnostopoulou•s Proposal Anagnostopoulou (2003) has dedicated a chapter of her book "The syntax of ditransitives" solely to the discussion of Person restrictions.
Agreement Restrictions in Persian by Anousha Sedighi
Categories: Language Grammar