By Richard Hudson
Notice grammar is a idea of language constitution and relies at the assumption that language, and certainly the total of information, is a community, and that just about all of data is discovered. It combines the mental insights of cognitive linguistics with the rigour of extra formal theories. This textbook spans a wide variety of themes from prototypes, activation and default inheritance to the main points of syntactic, morphological and semantic constitution. It introduces straight forward principles from cognitive technological know-how and makes use of them to give an explanation for the constitution of language together with a survey of English grammar.
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Additional info for An Introduction to Word Grammar (Cambridge Textbooks in Linguistics)
The simple answer is that taxonomies allow us to generalize. Taking the example of ‘bird’, all its properties generalize to all the concepts below it in the taxonomy:Â€if we know that birds have wings and feathers, we can apply this knowledge to robins, sparrows and so on. This may not strike you as much of a benefit since we already know that robins and sparrows have wings and feathers; and indeed it may well be that we knew these things about robins and sparrows before we created the generalization about birds.
1 Perceptsâ•‡ nnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnn PERCEPTS are units of perceptionÂ€ – mental representations for images, sounds, smells and so on. ) For example, your concept ‘cat’ almost certainly includes something like a picture of a typical cat. 1 The Necker cube (A) with its two interpretations (B, C) This is what you use in order to recognize a cat, and is derived (like all the other cat properties) from your experience of individual cats. However, it’s much more abstract than a photograph.
Moreover, if we can have declarative knowledge about events such as birthday parties, it’s hard to see why we can’t use declarative knowledge about driving a car while driving. 1. Rather obviously, rejecting the distinction between declarative and procedural knowledge undermines the claim that language is procedural. This is a triumph for common sense because we obviously can talk about languageÂ€– as witness Parts II and III of this book. Where next? 2 Taxonomies and the isA relation Another matter of common sense is that our concepts are organized, rather than just a disorganized heap.
An Introduction to Word Grammar (Cambridge Textbooks in Linguistics) by Richard Hudson
Categories: Language Grammar