An Introduction to Word Grammar (Cambridge Textbooks in - download pdf or read online

By Richard Hudson

ISBN-10: 0521721644

ISBN-13: 9780521721646

Notice grammar is a idea of language constitution and relies at the assumption that language, and certainly the total of information, is a community, and that just about all of data is discovered. It combines the mental insights of cognitive linguistics with the rigour of extra formal theories. This textbook spans a wide variety of themes from prototypes, activation and default inheritance to the main points of syntactic, morphological and semantic constitution. It introduces straight forward principles from cognitive technological know-how and makes use of them to give an explanation for the constitution of language together with a survey of English grammar.

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Sample text

The simple answer is that taxonomies allow us to generalize. Taking the example of ‘bird’, all its properties generalize to all the concepts below it in the taxonomy:€if we know that birds have wings and feathers, we can apply this knowledge to robins, sparrows and so on. This may not strike you as much of a benefit since we already know that robins and sparrows have wings and feathers; and indeed it may well be that we knew these things about robins and sparrows before we created the generalization about birds.

1 Percepts╇ nnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnn PERCEPTS are units of perception€ – mental representations for images, sounds, smells and so on. ) For example, your concept ‘cat’ almost certainly includes something like a picture of a typical cat. 1 The Necker cube (A) with its two interpretations (B, C) This is what you use in order to recognize a cat, and is derived (like all the other cat properties) from your experience of individual cats. However, it’s much more abstract than a photograph.

Moreover, if we can have declarative knowledge about events such as birthday parties, it’s hard to see why we can’t use declarative knowledge about driving a car while driving. 1. Rather obviously, rejecting the distinction between declarative and procedural knowledge undermines the claim that language is procedural. This is a triumph for common sense because we obviously can talk about language€– as witness Parts II and III of this book. Where next? 2 Taxonomies and the isA relation Another matter of common sense is that our concepts are organized, rather than just a disorganized heap.

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An Introduction to Word Grammar (Cambridge Textbooks in Linguistics) by Richard Hudson

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